The Japanese tea ceremony, also called the Way of Tea, is a Japanese cultural activity involving the ceremonial preparation and presentation of matcha, powdered green tea. In Japanese, it is called chanoyu or sado. The manner in which it is performed, or the art of its performance, is called otemae. Zen Buddhism was a primary influence in the development of the tea ceremony. Tea came to Japan from China in about 900 AD. Tea became very popular in Japan, and Japanese people started to grow tea in Japan. In the 12th century, matcha (green tea powder), became popular. This tea comes from the same plant as black tea. By the 16th century, all people in Japan, rich people and poor people, liked drinking tea. A man called Sen no Rikyu started teaching about tea ceremony. Many years have passed, but people still make tea the same way that Sen no Rikyu taught. People do the tea ceremony in a special tea room or a special building called a cha-shitsu. Most people wear kimonos. When people go into the tea room they take off their shoes and sit on special floor mat called tatami. The host the person who does the tea ceremony symbolically purifies the tea bowl and the other tea things. Then he or she puts some green tea powder into the tea bowl. The host mixes the tea with hot water. He mixes it with a whisk. The guests drink tea from the bowl. When everyone has finished drinking tea, the host cleans everything and puts them away. Then the guests leave. A tea ceremony can take from about twenty minutes to about four hours. In a tea ceremony, people drink tea out of bowls instead of cups. A scoop is a kind of spoon. Tea scoops are made from bamboo. They are used to put tea into the tea bowl. A whisk is like a brush made from wire. People use it to mix tea. Tea whisks are made from bamboo. A tea caddy is a special container that people put green tea powder in. A fukusa is a special square cloth made out of silk. It is used to symbolically purify the tea scoop and tea caddy. The kind of ladle used is made of bamboo. There is a cup-like part attached to a long handle. The tea used in the Japanese tea ceremony is pulverized green tea, which is made into a drink during the ceremony by putting some in the tea bowl, adding hot water, and mixing this with the whisk.